Maitake

Grifola frondosa

Nombre común: Maitake
Nombre científico: Grifola frondosa
Nombre inglés: Hen of the Woods (gallina de los bosques) y Sheep’s Head (cabeza de oveja)
Nombre japonés: Kawaratake (seta del río)
Nombre chino: Hui zhu hua

El Maitake activa el metabolismo y protege el sistema cardiovascular. Existen estudios de Maitake relacionados con la hipertensión, la obesidad y el control de peso.

Control de peso

Activa el metabolismo y ayuda en el control de peso

Triglicéridos y colesterol

Reduce los niveles de triglicéridos y colesterol

Hipertensión

Actúa sobre el sistema renina-angiotensina-aldosterona

Apuntes imprescindibles sobre el Maitake, el activador del metabolismo y détox

El Maitake es uno de los hongos más fascinantes que conocemos. Literalmente, Maitake en japonés significa hongo danzante. Los primeros compendios médicos ya se hacen eco de la importancia de este hongo medicinal: quien lo encontraba en los bosques, bailaba de alegría por sus excelentes cualidades nutritivas y curativas. Por su parte, su nombre genérico,  Grifola frondosa hace referencia al grifo, animal mitológico, mitad león, mitad águila.

Sin embargo, sólo fue en la década de los 80 del siglo XX cuando este hongo se empezó a cultivar. Hasta entonces la búsqueda del Maitake dependía exclusivamente de la suerte del recolector de bosques.

El Maitake en la medicina tradicional

En la medicina tradicional, este hongo se utiliza para los síndromes de frío y el exceso de yin (positividad). Está especialmente indicado para tonificar el meridiano de bazo-páncreas y su complementario de estómago. Por sus propiedades adaptógenas, también es utilizado para calmar el «shen» (espíritu), en especial para lo que en Occidente se considera como «ansiedad».

Nutrientes destacados del Maitake

• Polisacáridos: grifolano y grifolina
• Lectinas
• Enzimas
• Metalproteínas
• Ergosterol (precursor de la vitamina D)
• Disacárido trehalosa (azúcar de digestión lenta)
• Minerales (Mg, P y K)
• Vitaminas B1 y B2
• Aminoácidos esenciales (glutamina, alanina, treonina, etc.)

Beneficios del Maitake avalados por la ciencia moderna

Existen miles de estudios científicos que avalan la sabiduría popular: mejora la salud de nuestro corazón y arterias, ayuda a adelgazar y ayuda a que el hígado elimine correctamente las toxinas del organismo. El hongo Maitake disminuye el almacenamiento de grasa por lo que favorece la reducción de peso. Además, tiene un efecto antidiabético, disminuye levemente la presión arterial y sirve de ayuda en la lucha contra el síndrome metabólico [1- 65]:

  • Equilibra el sistema inmunitario
  • Hipocolesterolemiante
  • Ayuda a controlar la presión arterial
  • Ayuda en el control de peso y activa el metabolismo
  • Ayuda en el control de los triglicéridos
  • Antitumoral

Referencias

  1. Chen Y, Liu Y, Sarker MMR, Yan X, Yang C, et al. Structural characterization and antidiabetic potential of a novel heteropolysaccharide from Grifola frondosa via IRS1/PI3K-JNK signaling pathways. Carbohydr Polym. 2018 Oct 15; 198:452-461. PubMed PMID: 30093022.
  2. Li Q, Chen G, Wang W, Zhang W, Ding Y, et al. A novel Se-polysaccharide from Se-enriched G frondosa protects against immunosuppression and low Se status in Se-deficient mice. Int J Biol Macromol. 2018 Oct 1;117:878-889. PubMed PMID: 29807076.
  3. Li Q, Chen G, Chen H, Zhang W, Ding Y, et al. Se-enriched G frondosa polysaccharide protects against immunosuppression in cyclophosphamide-induced mice via MAPKs signal transduction pathway. Carbohydr Polym. 2018 Sep 15;196:445-456. PubMed PMID: 29891317.
  4. Kawai J, Higuchi Y, Hirota M, Hirasawa N, Mori K. Ergosterol and its derivatives from Grifola frondosa inhibit antigen-induced degranulation of RBL-2H3 cells by suppressing the aggregation of high affinity IgE receptors. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2018 Jul 2;:1-9. PubMed PMID: 29968517.
  5. Liu S, Zhuang X, Zhang X, Han W, Liu Y, et al. Enzymatic Modification of Rice Bran Polysaccharides by Enzymes from Grifola Frondosa: Natural Killer Cell Cytotoxicity and Antioxidant Activity. J Food Sci. 2018 Jul;83(7):1948-1955. PubMed PMID: 29939404.
  6. Kou L, Du M, Liu P, Zhang B, Zhang Y, et al. Anti-Diabetic and Anti-Nephritic Activities of Grifola frondosa Mycelium Polysaccharides in Diet-Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats Via Modulation on Oxidative Stress. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2018 Jun 26;PubMed PMID: 29943275.
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