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What is amenorrhoea, its causes, and how can you treat it?

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    Amenorrhea is a hormonal disorder that affects the menstrual cycle. It is commonly experienced by women, although it can also impact other genders. For those who experience it, amenorrhea can be a difficult condition to deal with, both physically and emotionally. It’s important to seek medical advice when experiencing the symptoms of amenorrhea. Additionally, there are many lifestyle changes that can be made and alternative treatments, such as medicinal mushrooms, that can help to manage this hormonal disorder.

    What Is Amenorrhea?

    Amenorrhea is a hormonal disorder that disrupts the menstrual cycle. It is defined as the absence of periods for three consecutive months or more. Primary and secondary amenorrhea are the two most common forms of this disorder. Primary amenorrhea is a condition in which someone has never had a period, and secondary amenorrhea is when someone has had at least one period but has stopped getting periods for an extended period of time. 


    Amenorrhea (absent or irregular menstruation) is a common female reproductive problem that affects up to 20 percent of women in the reproductive age range.

    Common Symptoms of Amenorrhea

    Common symptoms of amenorrhea include:

    Common Causes of Amenorrhea

    Amenorrhea is often caused by a hormonal imbalance. This can be due to the over- or under-production of hormones like estrogen, testosterone, FSH, LH, and prolactin. Other possible causes of amenorrhea include excessive exercise, extreme stress, being underweight or overweight, polycystic ovary syndrome, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, and certain medications or medical conditions. We discuss the causes in more detail below:

     

    Hormonal Imbalances – One of the major culprits behind amenorrhea is a hormonal imbalance, such as an excess level of a hormone called prolactin. Women with excess can experience anovulation due to a disruption in the menstrual cycle. This can result in an absence of menstruation. 

     

    Structural Issues – Amenorrhea can also be attributed to structural issues, such as severe inflammation, endometriosis, Asherman’s Syndrome, or intrauterine adhesions. Asherman’s Syndrome occurs when scar tissue develops on the uterine walls, resulting in a blockage that prevents the normal shedding of the endometrium during menstruation

     

    Medical Conditions – Certain medical conditions, such as hypothalamic amenorrhea, can cause a disruption in the menstrual cycle. This is typically caused by an alteration in the hypothalamus-pituitary-ovarian (HPO) axis, resulting in an absence of normal ovulatory cycles. 

     

    Stress – In some cases, stress can be a direct cause of amenorrhea. This occurs when the body is under psychological, physical, or emotional stress. Chronic stress can cause the body to go into a “survival mode,” redirecting energy away from reproductive processes, resulting in an absence of normal ovulatory cycles

     

    Lifestyle – A woman’s lifestyle can also be a major contributor to amenorrhea. Poor nutrition habits, lack of exercise, and extreme weight loss can all lead to a disruption in the menstrual cycle. Additionally, lifestyle changes, such as over-exercising, may cause hormone levels to become imbalanced, preventing a woman from menstruating. 

     

    Medications – Certain medications, such as oral contraceptives, anticonvulsants, and antipsychotics, can also cause amenorrhea. For example, oral contraceptives can cause menstrual irregularities due to changes in hormone levels.

    Traditional Treatments for Amenorrhea

    Traditional treatments for amenorrhea can include hormone replacement therapy and birth control hormones, as well as lifestyle changes like reduced stress and increased exercise. In addition, a doctor may recommend reducing or eliminating certain medications or dietary supplements. Diet and nutrition are also important aspects of treatment for amenorrhea, as having a balanced and nutritious diet can help to restore hormones and balance the menstrual cycle.


    Medicinal mushrooms are becoming more popular as natural treatment options for various ailments. For amenorrhea, medicinal mushrooms such as reishi, turkey tail, and maitake can help to regulate the hormones responsible for the menstrual cycle and restore balance to the body. In addition to their hormone-balancing effects, medicinal mushrooms may also help to reduce stress, improve mood, and reduce inflammation.

    Tips for Self-Care When You Have Amenorrhea

    When dealing with amenorrhea, it is important to take care of yourself and prioritise self-care. This includes getting enough rest, eating a balanced and nutritious diet, engaging in stress-reducing activities like yoga or meditation, and limiting caffeine and alcohol intake. Additionally, it is essential to be open with your doctor about any questions or concerns you have.

     

    1. Increase Nutrient Intake: Make sure you get enough vitamins and minerals by consuming a nutritious, balanced diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables, lean proteins, whole grains, and healthy fats. Additionally, supplementing with folate, iron, magnesium, and B vitamins can help to balance your hormones and improve symptoms. 

     

    1. Get Regular Exercise: Strength exercises, like lifts, squats and planks, as well as aerobic exercises, like running, biking, and swimming, can help regulate the menstrual cycle. Additionally, daily stretching and yoga exercises can be beneficial for improving overall health and well-being.

     

    1. Promote Relaxation: Amenorrhea can be caused by an overactive brain, so taking time to relax and reduce stress is vitally important. You may find activities such as meditation, breathing techniques, and journaling helpful. Additionally, enjoying time in nature can also be beneficial as it can reduce stress and increase overall feelings of well-being.

     

    1. Get Adequate Sleep: It is important to get enough rest, as this can help to regulate hormones that impact the menstrual cycle. Aim for 8-9 hours of sleep per night and resist the temptation to stay up late or sleep in.

     

    1. Limit Caffeine Intake: Caffeine can interfere with sleep quality and can increase anxiety levels. Avoiding or limiting caffeine can have beneficial effects on overall health and well-being.

     

    1. Talk to Your Doctor: If you have been experiencing amenorrhea for three months or more, consult your doctor to check for any underlying illnesses or disorders. Your doctor can provide a comprehensive health assessment, as well as treatment options to help you manage your condition, if needed.

    CONCLUSION

    Amenorrhea is a common hormonal disorder that can have a serious impact on a person’s physical and emotional health. It is important to seek medical advice when dealing with this condition and to be open with your doctor about any questions or concerns you have. There are several traditional treatments and lifestyle changes that can help to manage the symptoms of amenorrhea and improve overall wellbeing. Additionally, medicinal mushrooms can be a beneficial supplement to help regulate hormones and reduce stress.

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