Melena de león

Hericium erinaceus

Nombre común: Melena de león
Nombre científico: Hericium erinaceus
Nombre inglés: Lion´s mane – Hedgehog
Nombre japonés: Yamabushitake
Nombre chino: Houtou

La Melena de león destaca por su alto contenido en fibra, por lo que es considerado un prebiótico natural que ayuda a recuperar la microbiota. Existen estudios científicos sobre su acción ante problemas digestivos (inflamación, reflujos, regularidad, etc.), alergias e intolerancias alimentarias. Su actividad regeneradora también avala su uso en enfermedades neurodegenerativas, pérdida de memoria y demencia.

Trastornos digestivos

Protege y equilibra la microbiota.

Memoria

Protege las neuronas y potencia la memoria.

Deterioro cognitivo

Promueve el desarrollo neuronal.

Apuntes imprescindibles sobre la Melena de león, el hongo de la memoria y la recuperación de la microbiota

La Melena de león es un hongo medicinal y comestible muy popular en China y Japón.

Su cuerpo es peculiar: se identifica con un pompón blanco formado infinidad de pequeños filamentos. No tiene sombrero, láminas ni pie diferenciados, pero lo más sorprendente de esta especie es lo que no se ve. La suma de beta-glucanos, hericinonas y erinacinas hacen que la Melena de león sea considerada un alimento que puede actuar en los problemas digestivos y la pérdida de memoria dada su capacidad para regenerar mucosas y tejido conectivo.

La Melena de león en la medicina tradicional china

En la medicina tradicional china este hongo ha sido apreciado durante siglos por su efecto regulador sobre el cuerpo humano y la psique. La medicina tradicional china lo utiliza para fortalecer los cinco órganos: el riñón, el hígado, el bazo, el corazón y el estómago. Su cultivo se inició en los años 50 del siglo XX en Shangai.

Nutrientes destacados de la Melena de león

• Polisacáridos: FI-1a y FIII 2b
• Erinacinas I, E y H
• Hericenonas A, B, C, D y E
• Aminoácidos esenciales (ergotioneína)
• Minerales (K, Zn, Fe, Se y P)

Beneficios de la Melena de león avalados por la ciencia moderna

Hoy los componentes de la Melena de león han sido ampliamente investigados y sus beneficios sobre el tracto digestivo y sistema nervioso central se han demostrado científicamente [1-68]:

  • Regenera el epitelio de las mucosas gastrointestinales
  • Regenera la mucosa gástrica e intestinal dañadas, siendo útil en el tratamiento de gastritis , úlcera, reflujo, etc.
  • Dado que ayuda en la regeneración del epitelio intestinal, es útil en caso de síndrome de intestino permeable, alergias e intolerancias alimentarias
  • Ayuda en caso de Helicobacter pylori
  • Complemento de utilidad en enfermedades inflamatorias intestinales (Crohn y colitis ulcerosa)
  • Promueve la renovación de las neuronas y la mielina
  • Complemento de interés en el tratamiento de enfermedades neurodegenerativas como el alzhéimer
  • Potencia la memoria reduciendo el deterioro cognitivo
  • Antitumoral
  • Reduce las neuropatías periféricas (debilidad, entumecimiento, insensibilidad y dolor, por lo general en manos y pies)

Referencias

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